Revelation 11:1-14 Then I was given a measuring rod like a staff, and I was told, "Rise and measure the temple of God and the altar and those who worship there, 2 but do not measure the court outside the temple; leave that out, for it is given over to the nations, and they will trample the holy city for forty-two months. 3 And I will grant authority to my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for 1,260 days, clothed in sackcloth." 4 These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands that stand before the Lord of the earth. 5 And if anyone would harm them, fire pours from their mouth and consumes their foes. If anyone would harm them, this is how he is doomed to be killed. 6 They have the power to shut the sky, that no rain may fall during the days of their prophesying, and they have power over the waters to turn them into blood and to strike the earth with every kind of plague, as often as they desire. 7 And when they have finished their testimony, the beast that rises from the bottomless pit will make war on them and conquer them and kill them, 8 and their dead bodies will lie in the street of the great city that symbolically is called Sodom and Egypt, where their Lord was crucified. 9 For three and a half days some from the peoples and tribes and languages and nations will gaze at their dead bodies and refuse to let them be placed in a tomb, 10 and those who dwell on the earth will rejoice over them and make merry and exchange presents, because these two prophets had been a torment to those who dwell on the earth. 11 But after the three and a half days a breath of life from God entered them, and they stood up on their feet, and great fear fell on those who saw them. 12 Then they heard a loud voice from heaven saying to them, "Come up here!" And they went up to heaven in a cloud, and their enemies watched them. 13 And at that hour there was a great earthquake, and a tenth of the city fell. Seven thousand people were killed in the earthquake, and the rest were terrified and gave glory to the God of heaven. 14 The second woe has passed; behold, the third woe is soon to come.
The location of this passage of scripture is Jerusalem as we read in verse 8. Jesus was crucified in Jerusalem. The area affected by the two witnesses was the entire world as can be deduced from verses 9-10. The two witnesses prophesied the word of the Lord for three and one half years and then were killed by the beast. The beast arose from the bottomless pit and is likely the beast of Revelation 13:11. After three and one half days the two witnesses were raised from the dead by the Lord and taken to heaven in a cloud. The death of the two will occur near the end of the seven years before Jesus establishes His one thousand year reign on the renewed heaven and earth. The events are described during the time of the sixth trumpet judgment.
As the two witnesses ascended to heaven a great earthquake occurred killing seven thousand people in Jerusalem. The people left in Jerusalem gave glory to God in great fear. We know from Romans 11:25-26 that the nation of Israel will turn to Christ during this time.
What difference does it make if we know what is written in this passage of scripture? All Christians, Jew and Gentile will be living through this period of time during the sixth trumpet. We will be active witnesses of Christ along with the two witnesses prophesying in Jerusalem. All Christians during this time will be subject to the wrath of man (Revelation 13:10). Knowing what is happening will make us bold in our witness of Christ. It behooves us to keep in mind what is written in this portion of scripture.