Matthew 5:3842 "You have heard that it was said, 'An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.' 39 But I
say to you, Do not resist the one who is evil. But if anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also. 40 And if anyone would sue you and take your tunic, let him have your cloak as well.
41 And if anyone forces you to go one mile, go with him two miles. 42 Give to the one who begs from you, and do not refuse the one who would borrow from you."
Does this passage say? 1.I can’t defend myself from physical attack.2.I am to let someone beat the snot out of me, hurt my family and rob me.3.When someone sues me for my house I am to give them the contents of my house.4.I am to give to people holding up signs on street corners.5.I am to give or loan money to people who are able to work and refuse to work 6.A person is not to suffer a consequence for wrong doing? Jesus is teaching us how to fulfill the law of godly retaliation. The practice of this instruction will enable us to stand firm in very difficult times. Jesus didn’t abolish the Law in Exodus and Leviticus, He came to fulfill it. Matthew 5:38 "You have heard that it was said, 'An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.' •Matthew5:17 "Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them.•Our text today does not eliminate consequences for sin. Exodus and Leviticus stipulate consequences are to be no greater than the offense. Our text deals with our heart response towards those who sin against us. Jesus takes us past external action to the manner the offender is to be dealt with.•The government will provide punishment for sin, not each individual. Romans 13:1-5
Matthew 5:39 But I say to you, Do not resist the one who is evil. But if anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also. • Luke 22:36 He said to them, "But now let the one who has a moneybag take it, and likewise a knapsack. And let the one who has no sword sell his cloak and buy one.
• Luke 22:52 Then Jesus said to the chief priests and officers of the temple and elders, who had come out against him, "Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs?•Jesus was for using swords for defense against people taking what is ours by stealth and force (see Exodus 22:2)•The slap was an insult. We are not to resist insults, but rather retaliate with a blessing. (1 Peter 3:9)
Matthew5:40 And if anyone would sue you and take your tunic, let him have your cloak as well. •
Matthew 5:25 Come to terms quickly with your accuser while you are going with him to court, lest your accuser hand you over to the judge, and the judge to the guard, and you be put in prison. (note: the accused owed a debt and without settlement would land in prison 5:25-26)•Jesus is teaching us
to retaliate by repaying what we owe and more. We are to retaliate with a blessing, with good.• 1 Peter 3:9 Do not repay evil for evil or reviling for reviling, but on the contrary, bless, for to this you were called, that you may obtain a blessing. •Romans 12:2 Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.
Matthew 5:41 And if anyone forces you to go one mile, go with him two miles. •The Jewish nation was conquered and occupied by Rome. The Roman law allowed the Roman soldiers to press into service a Jew to carry a load for one mile. •Jesus told the people to retaliate by taking the load two miles.•We
are to retaliate by doing good. • Luke 6:27 "But I say to you who hear, Love your enemies, do
good to those who hate you,
Matthew 5:42 "Give to him who asks of you, and do not turn away from him who wants to borrow from
you. •Deuteronomy 15:1 At the end of every seven years you must cancel debts. • Deuteronomy 15:7
"If among you, one of your brothers should become poor, in any of your towns within your land that the LORD your God is giving you, you shall not harden your heart or shut your hand against your poor brother •We retaliate to requests by giving what we have to meet their need.•2 Thessalonians 3:10; 2 Corinthians 8:13-15
What we are to do with what we have heard:
•We are to retaliate to an insult with a blessing.
•We are to retaliate to the one suing us to get debt repayment by repaying more than is owed.
•We are to retaliate to forced labor by doing more than is asked.
•We are to retaliate to requests for money by being generous and discerning of the real need.