Romans 9:4 They are Israelites, and to them belong the adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the worship, and the promises. 5 To them belong the patriarchs, and according to the flesh, the Christ who is God over all, blessed forever. Amen.
There are Jewish and Gentile Christians in the Roman local church judging one another with ungodly judgments. They are condemning one another according to opinions, not according to scriptural truth (Romans 14:1-4). The Apostle Paul is showing the Gentile judgers the distinctness of the Jews in Romans 9:4-5. The adoption belongs to the Jews, they are the chosen children of God. He chose them to display Himself to the rest of the people on earth. He gave His glory to the Jewish people. What is His glory? Glory is the perfect standard of God. The Law God gave to the Israelites revealed His perfect standard (Deuteronomy 4:5-8). The covenants belonged to the Jews. The covenant with Adam and Eve to defeat Satan by their offspring; the covenant with Abraham to give him the land of Canaan and through his offspring bless the nations; the Davidic covenant to have a Davidic King rule forever. All these covenants are fulfilled in Jesus Christ who secured them for all people by His death, resurrection and ascension to the throne of God. God gave the Law of righteousness to the Jews through Moses. The proper worship of God was given to the Israelites. God revealed how He was to be worshiped without idols. The promises of God were given to the Jewish people (see Joshua 21:45). The Patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and all the leading men of faith came from the Jewish people as did Jesus Christ, who is God over all, blessed forever. The Jewish people are loved by God with an everlasting love (Jeremiah 31:3).
The Jewish people keeping the Jewish Law by celebrating the Jewish holy days and eating only the clean food described in the Old Testament are God’s people and are not to be judged! Keeping the Law is okay if it is done by faith in Jesus to please Him and not works to gain His acceptance (Romans 9:30-32; Ephesians 2:8-9).
What is the practical lesson we can learn from this passage of Scripture. We need to judge people by Scriptural truth, not by externals practiced by faith in God. In some churches today, people think it is necessary to dress up in formal clothing to go to church, and some people think that any clothing is okay as long as it is clean and modest. The formal people are not to judge the informal people, and the informal people are not to judge the formal people. Some people observe certain holy days in the church by faith and some people think every day is a holy day and don’t celebrate special days. Neither should judge the other if both are acting by faith in Jesus. Some people abstain from certain foods by faith and some don’t abstain as they by faith. Both are to live together in unity. Some people like a certain style of music to worship by and some like another. We are not to judge people according to style of music that is used by faith in Jesus in a God honoring way. Are you judging other believers according to opinion? If you are it hinders the mission of Jesus Christ to reach all peoples with the Gospel of Salvation. Think of the peoples’ relationship with God you are judging and all He given to them as believers in Christ. God chose them (John 15:16); God justified them (Romans 8:33-34); God gave them His glory (John 17:22). God gave each believer His divine power and promises (2 Peter 1:3-4). The Lord desires us to live together in the Truth even when we have different opinions how to exercise our faith concerning dress, the Holy days we observe and how we observe them, the food we eat, and music we use to worship. The important thing is that we live by faith (Romans 14:20-23). Let’s not judge according to our opinion but by Scriptural Truth (Is the person sinning? i.e. 1 Corinthians 5:1-5). Let’s live in unity, not enmity. The lives of many depend on this (John 17:20-21).